Retinal diseases may be caused on metabolic disorders such as diabetes or hypertension, which can damage the retinal blood vessels and cause serious damage to the eye. The preventive and periodic exam of the retina, for those suffering from metabolic diseases, is fundamental but sometimes it may not be enough to avoid complications. But complications may be treated with lasers.
Retinal changes may occur even in the absence of predisposing diseases. The periphery of the retina can degenerate – a more frequent phenomenon with nearsightedness – which then predisposes the retina to detachment. Also in this case the laser can address the situation.
With retinal detachment, it is necessary to intervene immediately – with surgery